The questions that need to be answered by you and your write up.
1. What: Is it?
2. Who: Would have made this and for whom? How do I know this.
3. Why: Why would it have been made, what use is it? Why am I choosing to make it?
4. When: What time periods were they made and use it?
5. How: (methods) Did they make it? How did I make it? What differences are in these two things and why?
6. Sources: (Bibliography)
A. Now you do not have to have the questions in this order nor do you need them in that format. What you want to do is just cover the answers to this list of questions question.
You are not required to use MLA or Chicago Formatting (I can’t imagen using APA so I didn’t list it) but here is a trick for using any of those – WORD has it built in. look up how to format with WORD and you will have an easy time of it. In the Academic world MLA is used for Art and English based paper, Chicago style is used for History paper (yes sometimes things cross over) and APA is used for science papers. They each have their merits. I love reading things set up in Chicago because of the foot notes on the page bottom. So I favor this style and I justify this by saying if it already happened it is history (“SO THERE!” Stomps foot)
BUT unless you are summiting a research paper these things are not required!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
Make a grid and put question on one side and answer on the other if you need too. Use note cards and put the question you pose on one-side and the answer on the other. Make a power point (bring a way to watch it though (and snacks) there are so many ways to do you information.
Sources- Primary, (actual artifact.) Secondary, (Photos of and drawings of artifact) Academic research papers) Tertiary, (A book in which a person references the artifact and research papers) don’t forget to including people who you consulted who are experts in the field of study or more so then you are. Interaction though emails with sources (say a museum) Classes you took or work shops were you learned these facts. You don’t have to know what each reference is but it will help you understand better how to research what you want to learn about. The further from the source you get the more mistakes can happen. Using a period manual on fencing or dancing or rules for games, is better than using a book that interpreted those rules when it comes to wondering how they did it.
Here is another secret you will be teaching your judges about what you did or are demonstrating. Imagen you cast pewter the judges are three people and they are all casters but one casts bronze, one casts silver, and one casts pewter. You are teaching a mini class on what you did at the same time that pewter caster may be able to teach you some while you are interacting with them.
Rough draft on playing card deck
I have created a deck of playing cards by block printing I carved genuine linoleum with scalpel Based on a French suited deck (exact deck I was inspired by) that is dated to the (date here) The French deck is the same deck that is used in America today. It has 52 cards and depending on the time period can have an extra card like the joker. The suits are hearts, spades, clubs, diamonds, three face cards the king the queen and the Knave (jack). There is no number written on the cards just the appropriate numbers of pips made in the shape of the suit. The backs of playing cards were mostly blank because printing and art were not so exact that any art would have made the cards marked. (list email with museum curator)
Playing cards existences can be tracked more by the laws around them then surviving cards. There are laws banning them within other temperance laws as well as the taxing on imported cards and exported cards. Ship manifests are another way we can see the common use and trading of playing cards. From the late 1200’s on we start to see playing laws popping up on the books in many countries. It is believed that Playing cards originated around 1000 A.D. in China. They were narrow slips of paper essentially dominoes with dots in their 21 combinations possible with the throw of two dice. Paper was the original material for dominoes wood and ivory came later. Dominoes cards are still know as is another Chinese type, money cards, called that because of the suit signs are coin and variations. each region of Europe had their own style deck and they varied in the number of cards because of this.
Artisans and book makers would have been the people making playing cards. Artisans that did make playing cards didn’t get a lot of respect for most of the periods however eventually two became well known enough and respected enough to be invited to join the painters Guild (add time date) Books makers with printing presses would make a profit from these disposable commodity. And they could produce sheets of them quickly.
I created this deck to fit into a middle class Tudor gaming set to play such games as Noddy. I enjoy teaching and playing pass times and have made these as part of my 50th year project of making my gear 50% more period for my persona. I liked the idea that I could make more if any get damaged and so having the ability to print them one or two at a time was important to me. I also wanted to be able to give them as gifts and have them for use on the archery range and throwing range for use as targets for card games with weapons.
4. This deck of cards was created to fit into a middle class Tudor gaming set to play such games as Noddy. Playing cards in Europe can be documents from the mid 1200’s on. And the Royals of the Tudors were known for their love of gambling and cards.
From the few surviving pieces we can see suits and face card. There is only one known complete deck of period playing cards. That is the Flemish Hunting deck, aka Hofjager Hunting Pack, or the Cloisters Pack, at the Metropolitan Museum of Art’s Cloisters Location dated between 1475 to 1480, in the Netherlands. These were made of pressed layered paper and decorated with stenciled and hand drawn designs and overlaid with gold and silver. A recent discovery of Spanish suited cards has been uncovered in a book published in1519. The uncut sheets showing 15 cards shows clothing styles from the 1460’s so they may have sat a long time between being put aside and turned into board for the book. They are related in design to the Oberdeutscher Strecher, engraved in 1490’s and the uncut sheet by master of the Banderoles, ingraved in the thrird quarter of the 15th century. Theres cards maybe typical of early Spanish suited cards, Imitating the French makers made by german engravers who wished to export wares back to Spain. (Book cover of a Catalan manuscript volume of 1519 at “Museu Nacional d’Art de Catalunya”)
I used artist card paper precut so they would be perfectly uniformed so no one can accuse me of cheating (yet) I did this because I don’t trust myself to cut them yet. I used speedball oil-based block printing ink.